Terms

Orange Star Atrophy The withering away of muscle tissue
Orange Star Hypertrophy The enlargement of a muscle
Orange Star Barbell A weight used for exercise, consisting of a handle 5-7’ long & detachable metal discs at each end
Orange Star Dumbbell (DB) A weight used for exercise, consisting of a handle 14” long
Orange Star Free weights A term given to dumbbells and barbells
Orange Star Rep Repetition is one complete movement of an exercise
Orange Star Set Fixed number of repetitions. (Say 10 reps = 1 set)
Orange Star Positives The raising phase of an exercise
Orange Star Negatives The lowering phase of an exercise
Orange Star Concentric The positive phase of an exercise, when the muscle contracts & shortens
Orange Star Eccentric The negative phase of an exercise, when the muscle lengthens while under tension
Orange Star Extension Body part going from a bent to a straight position, as in leg extension
Orange Star Flexion A movement that moves the two ends of a jointed body part closer to each other, as in leg curl.
Orange Star Supersets Alternating back & forth between two exercises.
Orange Star Endurance Ability of a muscle to produce force continually over a period of time